Located in the south of the country, Thingvellir was established as a national park in 1930, primarily for the protection and management of its striking landscape.
It is also home to the remains of the Althing, an open-air assembly with significant cultural and historical importance to the nation, its remains are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The park is situated on the tectonic plate boundaries of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, where visitors can witness the rift valley of the two plates on land. Continental drifts create numerous fissures breaking up the flat valley. The most famous of these, amongst divers, is Silfra fissure near lake Thingvallavatn, where the naturally filtered water offers visibility up to 150 metres.
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